The Guardian newspaper has reported that a complaint was filed with the International Criminal Court (ICC) against prominent European politicians, including the former head of foreign policy in the European Union Federica Mogherini, the current and former Italian interior ministers and the current and former prime minister of Malta, accusing them of conspiring with the Libyan coast guard to push back immigrants trying to illegally cross the Mediterranean to Europe.

The newspaper pointed out that the criminal complaint, which was filed in The Hague by a German NGO at the European Center for Constitutional and Human Rights, accuses the politicians of committing numerous crimes against humanity in the form of severe deprivation of physical liberty between 2018 and 2021 by systematically intercepting boats in the Mediterranean and returning refugees to detention in Libya.

The newspaper indicated that the German Human Rights Organization gave evidence documenting 12 incidents in which refugee boats were intercepted in the Mediterranean, including aerial photos and intercepted radio calls that indicate collusion among European authorities and the Libyan coast guard.