This is chapter nine of the Libyan constitution that was approved by the Constituent Assembly on July 29

Chapter Nine

Natural Resources

Article 169: Ownership of Natural Resources

Natural resources, including oil, gas, minerals and water, shall belong to the Libyan people, and the State shall exercise control over the natural resources in the name of the people. The State shall work towards the exploitation, protection, development, investment, and improved management of natural resources, so as to ensure the public interest and the benefit of all regions from natural resources in an equitable manner that preserves the rights of future generations.

Article 170: Contracts and Agreements on Natural Resources

Contracts and agreements related to natural resources shall be referred to the legislative authority with its two chambers for review during specific periods and in cases regulated by law. This is to ensure the preservation of natural resources, environmental balance, and necessities of transparency, the protection of the rights of future generations, reparation for damaged regions, and the guarantee of social accountability.

Article 171: Localization of Alternative Projects

The State is committed to establishing alternative development projects for non-renewable resources in the producing areas according to their spatial potential.                                          A law is issued in the first election to allocate part of the treasury receipts for financing these projects.                                                                                                                                                 The State is committed to including this in its policies and legislation in order to achieve sustainability and to ensure that environmental, health problems and the damage caused by its exploitation are addressed.

Article 172: Guaranteeing the Rights of Future Generations

A law shall allocate a proportion of the returns from natural resources for the benefit of future generations. The State shall be committed to enact the necessary measures to develop and invest in these resources with high quality and in accordance with the necessary safety standards.

Article 173: Water

The State shall commit to take the necessary measures to improve water resources administration, to ensure its preservation and protection from pollution and attack, and to guarantee rationalization of consumption. The State shall also explore alternatives to it and ways to achieve water security and shall provide reparations to the areas from which groundwater is transferred. A special body shall be established by law to undertake scientific research, enact policies and necessary programs, and to supervise the implementation of these policies.

Article 174: Renewable Energy

The State shall develop the necessary policies to invest in renewable energy sectors from various resources, encourage scientific research, and localize renewable energy projects in appropriate locations.

Article 175: Livestock and Marine Resources

The State shall work towards protecting livestock and marine resources, improve their utilization and development and maintain their ability to be sustainable and renewable.

Article 176: Vegetation Cover

The State shall commit to take the necessary measures to protect vegetation with rational management to ensure its balanced environmental, economic, and social function. The State shall manage its forests and shall rehabilitate what has been damaged. It shall utilize these forests according to the law, and it shall be permissible to transfer their ownership or to possess through appropriation.


Chapter One - Chapter Two - Chapter Three - Chapter Four - Chapter Five - Chapter Six - Chapter Seven - Chapter Eight